In between meetings with coworkers, busy periods full of impending deadlines, and a seemingly never-ending list of tasks, some American workers might daydream about the possibility of leaving it all behind for early retirement. While this option isn’t feasible for all workers, retiring early can open a world of possibilities. Early retirees can get a head start on their travel bucket list or even switch career paths. Or, some may just want to spend more time with family.
With that said, retiring early isn’t the right choice for everyone. Early retirement requires budgeting early on in life, aggressive savings, and a firm plan for the future – with the flexibility to absorb the unexpected built in. If you’re interested in learning how you can retire early, it’s important to get a comprehensive understanding of what it involves. Keep reading for a full explanation or jump to a section that answers your question directly.
Why Do Some People Retire Early?
Some of the biggest proponents of early retirement are followers of the FIRE Movement. FIRE stands for Financial Independence, Retire Early, and it’s based on a financial plan defined by an intense savings program that allows for individuals to retire much earlier than 65. Up to 70% of all income during their working years goes into savings. When FIRE followers leave the workforce, they plan to live off small withdrawals from their portfolio until they hit the age of 65.
FIRE does have some serious drawbacks to consider. Saving 70% of your annual income can mean you trade an early retirement for a potentially poorer quality of life during the prime of your life. In addition, if the stock market drops or another unexpected event occurs causing a drop in interest rates, those depending on the FIRE plan may have to turn to “Plan B” to get by.
If the traditional FIRE plan seems too extreme, there are more measured approaches to saving for retirement you may want to consider as well. Most of these plans involve putting above-average contributions into retirement accounts, more minimalistic living, and the addition of part-time work with early retirement.
Benefits of Retiring Early
Retiring early offers a range of benefits that can increase your quality of life and allow:
- More time with loved ones: One of the biggest reasons why people are attracted to retiring early is that it allows people to spend more time with family and friends.
- Ability to travel: The earlier you retire, the less likely you’ll be dealing with age-related health issues – which may impact your dreams of world travel.
- Better health: If stress and other health issues related to your job plague your body and mind, retiring early could help restore your health. Retirement means you can sleep later, prioritize exercise, eat three square meals a day, and incorporate other healthy habits that might have fallen by the wayside during your years in a work environment.
- Make a different career move: Retiring early also gives you the opportunity to start a new career. Perhaps you want to switch fields, start a new business, or pursue your idea of monetizing a hobby.
Should I Consider Retiring Early?
For many, retiring early is a possibility, but only if you plan early and take a conservative approach. It’s also important to avoid painting an overly rosy view of retiring early; it can be a difficult dream to manifest.
One common way Americans retire early is if their company gives out early retirement offers. COVID-19, in particular, has caused many companies to deliver retirement offers to senior employees in an effort to save money.
But before you decide that retiring early is the right choice, it’s critical to consider the disadvantages as well.
Disadvantages of Retiring Early
- Health impacts: Just as retiring could help boost your health, it could also lead to mental declines. Leaving the workforce suddenly can be a difficult lifestyle transition and impact you in ways you weren’t anticipating. In fact, the National Bureau of Economic Research reported that retirement can lead to poor health outcomes. However, that same report also found that retirees who kept up their social activity and exercise were less likely to experience these issues.
- Decreased or smaller Social Security benefits: The earlier you start using your Social Security benefits, the less time your benefits have time to grow. In fact, if you start taking your SS benefits at the earliest age of 62, your monthly payments will be 30% less than if you had waited until 67. 67 is what the Social Security Administration considers your “full retirement age.” You can calculate the impact of retiring earlier or later by using the calculator on the SSA.gov website.
- Savings stretch: Retiring early sounds great in theory, but if you retire at age 60 and live until 100, your savings would need to last at least 40 years. When you work longer, you have more time to contribute to a 401 (k) and allow your money to compound.
- No health insurance coverage: You’ll need to find health insurance on your own until you can get Medicare at age 65. It’s important to note that buying individual health coverage as an older adult is typically very expensive.
- Can impact other savings goals: If you have kids, you might be saving for retirement and college. Or, perhaps you’re also saving for a home. Aggressively saving for retirement might not be realistic when other savings goals are more pressing.
How Can I Retire Early?
If you decide to retire early after weighing the pros and cons, it’s important to spend adequate time actually planning for it.
Start by reading tips from investors who retire early and other workers who made their retirement happen years earlier than expected. Although anecdotes shouldn’t form the basis of your early retirement preparation, reading the accounts of like-minded individuals can help you anticipate potential problems you may encounter. These stories might also expand your understanding of what it’s really like to retire early – and give you some insight into whether you’re equipped to handle those realities.
Besides gathering knowledge and doing your due diligence, it’s also important to sit down and crunch the numbers to see if becoming a younger retiree is possible. Here are a few steps you should take to build a basic framework for your early retirement:
- Calculate your annual retirement spending. To do this, look at your current monthly spending and take into account what expenses might increase or decrease. Add your monthly expenses and multiply that number by 12. Ideally, you’ll increase it by 10% to 20% to work in wiggle room for unexpected expenses or splurges.
- Estimate your total savings needs. A common rule of thumb is aiming to save 25 times your planned annual spending saved before you retire. Your exact number may be more or less depending on your lifestyle and other relevant variables.
- Invest. It’s also important to invest in a retirement portfolio set up for long-term growth. Make sure that you’re contributing enough to your retirement accounts in the context of your retirement horizon. Retiring early means you have less time to let your retirement investments grow.
- Focus on paying down debt. Get out of debt so you can focus on saving. Money that isn’t going to pay your debts could be growing in a retirement account.
- Stick to your budget. And finally, it’s important to stay on track with your budget so you can actually achieve your retirement goal. Consider evaluating your savings and investments each month to make sure you’re on the right path.
Considerations to Factor into Planning
Besides doing the math to help you reach your retirement goals, it’s also important to know exactly what kind of retirement you want. Are you planning on retiring in your hometown? Are you aiming to move to a tropical destination? Or, do you want to relocate somewhere with a cheaper cost of living? You’ll need to factor in those kinds of living costs and lifestyle choices into your overarching plan.
Takeaways: Early retirement and planning for the future
Early retirement isn’t right for everyone. At the end of the day, retiring early can involve more risk than traditional retirement. You might have to tap into your Social Security and, in turn, lower your monthly payment potential. A downturn in the market can mean your portfolio returns aren’t as high as you expected. If you do decide to plan for early retirement, it’s important to build in flexibility and consider a middle-road approach. Perhaps you can consider keeping a side job to tide you over until you qualify for Medicare, for example. With these tips, you can plan a happy, successful retirement with peace-of-mind.