Market trends in the past decade The white paper presented the differences between 2013 and 2023. Mortgage rates were just 3.98% back in 2013 and are sitting at 7.21% year to date. The number of new single-family homes completed in 2013 was 569,000 compared to more than one million in 2023 YTD. The average price … [Read more…]
In a world full of mass-produced goods and cookie-cutter designs, DIY (Do-It-Yourself) shines differently. It’s a creative craft that lets you make stuff on your own. Home is everyone’s safe place, and having things you’ve made there adds something extra special. But sometimes, people’s ideas can get so wild that their creations become a bit silly. Particularly during 2010, there was a phase when anything created through DIY was thought to be cool and aesthetic.
For example, a candlestick made out of tuna cans is bound to raise some eyebrows. Just imagine, it’s a rainy day, the tea lights are flickering, and the smell of gently warmed tuna lingers around you… it’s enough to make any guest want to leave early!
We’ve curated a collection of these laughter-inducing DIY creations that people have come up with. Join us as we take a look inside and cringe. Upvote the pics that you couldn’t believe are true.
Whoa, have you seen what just happened to interest rates!?
Suddenly, after at least fourteen years of our financial world being mostly the same, somebody flipped over the table and now things are quite different.
Interest rates, which have been gliding along at close to zero since before the Dawn of Mustachianism in 2011, have suddenly shot back up to 20-year highs.
Which brings up a few questions about whether we need to worry, or do anything about this new development.
- Is the stock market (index funds, of course) still the right place for my money?
- What if I want to buy a house?
- What about my current house – should I hang onto it forever because of the solid-gold 3% mortgage I have locked in for the next 30 years?
- Will interest rates keep going up?
- And will they ever go back down?
These questions are on everybody’s mind these days, and I’ve been ruminating on them myself. But while I’ve seen a lot of play-by-play stories about each little interest rate increase in the financial newspapers, none of them seem to get into the important part, which is,
“Yeah, interest rates are way up, but what should I do about it?”
So let’s talk about strategy.
Why Is This Happening, and What Got Us Here?
Interest rates are like a giant gas pedal that revs the engine of our economy, with the polished black dress shoe of Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell pressed upon it.
For most of the past two decades, Jerome’s team and their predecessors have kept the pedal to the metal, firing a highly combustible stream of easy money into the system in the form of near-zero rates. This made mortgages more affordable, so everyone stretched to buy houses, which drove demand for new construction.
It also had a similar effect on business investment: borrowed money and venture capital was cheap, so lots of entrepreneurs borrowed lots of money and started new companies. These companies then rented offices and built factories and hired employees – who circled back to buy more houses, cars, fridges, iPhones, and all the other luxurious amenities of modern life.
This was a great party and it led to lots of good things, because we had two decades of prosperity, growth, raising our children, inventing new things and all the other good things that happen in a successful rich country economy.
Until it went too far and we ended up with too much money chasing too few goods – especially houses. That led to a trend of unacceptably fast Inflation, which we already covered in a recent article.
So eventually, Jay-P noticed this and eased his foot back off of the Easy Money Gas Pedal. And of course when interest rates get jacked up, almost everything else in the economy slows down.
And that’s what is happening right now: mortgages are suddenly way more expensive, so people are putting off their plans to buy houses. Companies find that borrowing money is costly, so they are scaling back their plans to build new factories, and cutting back on their hiring. Facebook laid off 10,000 people and Amazon shed 27,000.
We even had a miniature banking crisis where some significant mid-sized banks folded and gave the financial world fears that a much bigger set of dominoes would fall.
All of these things sound kinda bad, and if you make the mistake of checking the news, you’ll see there is a big dumb battle raging as usual on every media outlet. Leftists, Right-wingers, and anarchists all have a different take on it:
- It’s the President’s fault for printing all that money and running up the debt! We should have Fiscal Discipline!
- No, it’s the opposite! The Fed is ruining the economy with all these rate rises, we need to drop them back down because our poor middle class is suffering!
- What are you two sheeple talking about? The whole system is a bunch of corrupt cronies and we shouldn’t even have a central bank. All hail the true world currency of Bitcoin!!!
The one thing all sides seem to agree on is that we are “experiencing hard economic times” and that “the country is headed in the wrong way”.
Which, ironically, is completely wrong as well – our unemployment rate has dropped to 50-year lows and the economy is at the absolute best it has ever been, a surprise to even the most grounded economists.
The reality? We’re just putting the lid back onto the ice cream carton until the economy can digest all the sugar it just wolfed down. This is normal, it happens every decade or two and it’s no big deal.
Okay, but should I take my money out of the stock market because it’s going to crash?
This answer never changes, so you’ll see it every time we talk about stock investing: Holy Shit NO!!!
The stock market always goes up in the long run, although with plenty of unpredictable bumps along the way. Since you can’t predict those bumps until after they happen, there is no point in trying to dance in and out of it.
But since we do have the benefit of hindsight, there are a few things that have changed slightly: From its peak at the beginning of 2022 until right now (August 2023 as I write this), the overall US market is down about 10%. Or to view it another way, it is roughly flat since June 2021, so we’ve seen two years with no gains aside from total dividends of about 3%.
Since the future is always the same, unknowable thing, this means I am about 10% more excited about buying my monthly slice of index funds today than it was at the peak.
Should I start putting money into savings accounts instead because they are paying 4.5%?
This is a slightly trickier question, because in theory we should invest in a logical, unbiased way into the thing with the highest expected return over time.
When interest rates were under 1%, this was an easy decision: stocks will always return far more than 1% over time – consider the fact that the annual dividend payments alone are 1.5%!
But there has to be some interest rate at which you’d be willing to stop buying stocks and prefer to just stash it into the stable, rewarding environment of a money market fund or long-term bonds or something else similar. Right now, if a reputable bank offered me, say, 12% I would probably just start loading up.
But remember that the stock market is also currently running a 10% off sale. When the market eventually reawakens and starts setting new highs (which it will someday), any shares I buy right now will be worth 10% more. And then will continue going up from there. Which quickly becomes an even bigger number than 12%.
In other words, the cheaper the stocks get, the more excited we should be about buying them rather than chasing high interest rates.
As you can see, there is no easy answer here, but I have taken a middle ground:
- I’m holding onto all the stocks I already own, of course
- BUT since I currently have an outstanding margin loan balance for a house I helped to buy with several friends (yes this is #3 in the last few years!), I am paying over 6% on that balance. So I am directing all new income towards paying down that balance for now, just for peace of mind and because 6% is a reasonable guaranteed return.
- Technically, I know I would probably make a bit more if I let the balance just stay outstanding, kept putting more money into index funds, and paid the interest forever, but this feels like a nice compromise to me
What if I want to Buy a House?
For most of us, the biggest thing that interest rates affect is our decisions around buying and selling houses. Financing a home with a mortgage is suddenly way more expensive, any potential rental house investments are suddenly far less profitable, and keeping our old house with a locked-in 3% mortgage is suddenly far more tempting.
Consider these shocking changes just over the past two years as typical rates have gone from about 3% to 7.5%.
Assuming a buyer comes up with the average 10% down payment:
- The monthly mortgage payment on a $400k house has gone from about $1500 at the beginning of 2022 last year to roughly $2500 today. Even scarier, the interest portion of that monthly bill has more than doubled, from $900 to $2250!
- For a home buyer with a monthly mortgage budget of $2000, their old maximum house price was about $500,000. With today’s interest rates however, that figure has dropped to about $325,000
- Similarly, as a landlord in 2022 you might have been willing to pay $500k for a duplex which brought in $4000 per month of gross rent. Today, you’d need to get that same property for $325,000 to have a similar net cash flow (or try to rent each unit for a $500 more per month) because the interest cost is so much higher.
- And finally, if you’re already living in a $400k house with a 3% mortgage locked in, you are effectively being subsidized to the tune of $1000 per month by that good fortune. In other words, you now have a $12,000 per year disincentive to ever sell that house if you’ll need to borrow money to buy a new one. And you have a potential goldmine rental property, because your carrying costs remain low while rents keep going up.
This all sounds kind of bleak, but unfortunately it’s the way things are supposed to work – the tough medicine of higher interest rates is supposed to make the following things happen:
- House buyers will end up placing lower bids which fit within their budgets.
- Landlords will have to be more discerning about which properties to buy up as rentals, lowering their own bids as well.
- Meanwhile, the current still-sky-high prices of housing should continue to entice more builders to create new homes and redevelop and upgrade old buildings and underused land, because high prices mean good profits. Then they’ll have to compete for a thinner supply of home buyers.
The net effect of all this is that prices should stop going up, and ideally fall back down in many areas.
When Will House Prices Go Back Down?
This is a tricky one because the real “value” of a house depends entirely on supply and demand. The right price is whatever you can sell it for. However, there are a few fundamentals which influence this price over the long run because they determine the supply of housing.
- The actual cost of building a house (materials plus labor), which tends to just stay pretty flat – it might not even keep up with inflation.
- The value of the underlying land, which should also follow inflation on average, although with hot and cold spots depending on which cities are popular at the time.
- The amount of bullshit which residents and their city councils impose upon house builders, preventing them from producing the new housing that people want to buy.
The first item (construction cost) is pretty interesting because it is subject to the magic of technological progress. Just as TVs and computers get cheaper over time, house components get cheaper too as things like computerized manufacturing and global trade make us more efficient. I remember paying $600 for a fancy-at-the-time undermount sink and $400 for a faucet for my first kitchen remodel in the year 2001. Today, you can get a nicer sink on Amazon for about $250 and the faucet is a flat hundred. Similarly, nailguns and cordless tools and easy-to-install PEX plumbing make the process of building faster and easier than ever.
On the other hand, the last item (bullshit restrictions) has been very inflationary in recent times. I’ve noticed that every year another layer of red tape and complicated codes and onerous zoning and approval processes gets layered into the local book of rules, and as a result I just gave up on building new houses because it wasn’t worth the hassle. Other builders with more patience will continue to plow through the murk, but they will have less competition, fewer permits will be granted, and thus the shortage of housing will continue to grow, which raises prices on average.
Thankfully, every city is different and some have chosen to make it easier to build new houses rather than more difficult. Even better, places like Tempe Arizona are allowing good housing to be built around people rather than cars, which is even more affordable to construct.
But overall, since overall US house prices adjusted for inflation are just about at an all-time high, I think there’s a chance that they might ease back down another 25% (to 2020 levels). But who knows: my guess could prove totally wrong, or the “fall” could just come in the form of flat prices for a decade that don’t keep up with inflation, meaning that they just feel 25% cheaper relative to our higher future salaries.
When Will Interest Rates Go Back Down?
The funny part about our current “high” interest rates is that they are not actually high at all. They’re right around average.So they might not go down at all for a long time.
Remember that graph at the beginning of this article? I deliberately cropped it to show only the years since 2009 – the long recent period of low interest rates. But if you zoom out to cover the last seventy years instead, you can see that we’re still in a very normal range.
But a better answer is this one: Interest rates will go down whenever Jerome Powell or one of his successors determines that our economy is slowing down too much and needs another hit from the gas pedal. In other words, whenever we start to slip into a genuine recession.
In order to do that however, we need to see low inflation, growing unemployment, and other signs of an economy that’s not too hot. And right now, those things keep not showing up in the weekly economic data.
You can get one reasonable prediction of the future of interest rates by looking at something called the US Treasury Yield Curve. It typically looks like this:
What the graph is telling you is that as a lender you get a bigger reward in exchange for locking up your money for a longer time period. And way back in 2018, the people who make these loans expected that interest rates would average about 3.0 percent over the next 30 years.
Today, we have a very strange opposite yield curve:
If you want to lend money for a year or less, you’ll be rewarded with a juicy 5.4 percent interest rate. But for two years, the rate drops to 4.92%. And then ten-year bond pays only 4.05 percent.
This situation is weird, and it’s called an inverted yield curve. And what it means is that the buyers of bonds currently believe that interest rates will almost certainly drop in the future – starting a little over a year from now.
And if you recall our earlier discussion about why interest rates drop, this means that investors are forecasting an economic slowdown in the fairly near future. And their intuition in this department has been pretty good: an inverted yield curve like this has only happened 11 times in the past 75 years, and in ten of those cases it accurately predicted a recession.
So the short answer is: nobody really knows, but we’ll probably see interest rates start to drop within 18-24 months, and the event may be accompanied by some sort of recession as well.
The Ultimate Interest Rate Strategy Hack
I like to read and write about all this stuff because I’m still a finance nerd at heart. But when it comes down to it, interest rates don’t really affect long-retired people like many of us MMM readers, because we are mostly done with borrowing. I like the simplicity of owning just one house and one car, mortgage-free.
With the current overheated housing market here in Colorado, I’m not tempted to even look at other properties, but someday that may change. And the great thing about having actual savings rather than just a high income that lets you qualify for a loan, is that you can be ready to pounce on a good deal on short notice.
Maybe the entire housing market will go on sale as we saw in the early 2010s, or perhaps just one perfect property in the mountains will come up at the right time. The point is that when you have enough cash to buy the thing you want, the interest rates that other people are charging don’t matter. It’s a nice position of strength instead of stress. And you can still decide to take out a mortgage if you do find the rates are worthwhile for your own goals.
So to tie a bow on this whole lesson: keep your lifestyle lean and happy and don’t lose too much sweat over today’s interest rates or house prices. They will probably both come down over time, but those things aren’t in your control. Much more important are your own choices about earning, saving, healthy living and where you choose to live.
With these big sails of your life properly in place and pulling you ahead, the smaller issues of interest rates and whatever else they write about in the financial news will gradually shrink down to become just ripples on the surface of the lake.
In the comments: what have you been thinking about interest rates recently? Have they changed your decisions, increased, or perhaps even decreased your stress levels around money and housing?
* Photo credit: Mr. Money Mustache, and Rustoleum Ultra Cover semi gloss black spraypaint. I originally polled some local friends to see if anyone owned dress shoes and a suit so I could get this picture, with no luck. So I painted up my old semi-dressy shoes and found some clean-ish black socks and pants and vacuumed out my car a bit before taking this picture. I’m kinda proud of the results and it saved me from hiring Jerome Powell himself for the shoot.
By Prof. Viral V. Acharya, C.V. Starr Professor of Economics, Department of Finance, New York University Stern School of Business (NYU-Stern), and Satish Mansukhani, Managing Director, Investment Strategy, Rithm Capital
Since the onset of the Federal Reserve’s (the Fed’s) monetary tightening in 2022, the 30-year fixed mortgage rate in the United States (US) has gapped out to 7 percent. Around 300 basis points (bps) at present above the 10-year US Treasury yield (see Figure 1), this spread has historically been stable at around 200 bps; this was the case even during the pre-pandemic interest-rate hikes (2016-19) and quantitative tightening (QT, 2017-20) episodes.
Why is this time different?
We explain below that the current break from this trend is caused critically by the interplay of the Fed’s and domestic banks’ balance sheets. Changes in the risk appetites of institutional investors (bank and non-bank) and the profitability considerations of mortgage lenders have combined with this interplay to produce an unprecedentedly fast and amplified passthrough of monetary tightening to mortgage rates.
Deconstructing the 30-year mortgage rate
In addition to the 10-year Treasury yield, the 30-year primary mortgage rate serves as a commonly cited benchmark for the US economy and financial markets. Two contributors drive the spread between this mortgage rate and the Treasury yield.
The first contributor is the yield offered on the benchmark mortgage-backed securities (MBS) issued by government-sponsored enterprises Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac—the so-called “agency MBS basis”. This basis reflects the risk appetites of institutional investors to absorb or “warehouse” mortgage interest-rate risks on their balance sheets.
The second contributor is the profitability margin for mortgage lenders, known as the “primary-secondary spread”. It captures not only the market power of lenders in mortgage markets but also the banking sector’s balance-sheet constraints in intermediating for the real economy.
Consider, in turn, the 10-year Treasury yields and each of these contributors to the mortgage spread.
Punch #1: Higher 10-year US Treasury yields, driven up by real rates
Excessive monetary and fiscal stimulus throughout the pandemic combined with supply-side shocks to induce a surge in inflation since 2021. Until the last few months, this bout of inflation appeared rather unrelenting. In response, the Fed has tightened its monetary policy aggressively to cool inflation and the economy, and the 10-year Treasury yields, which were just 50 bps in 2020, are now close to 4 percent, a full 350 bps higher.
Viewed through another lens, the 10-year real rate has risen from a pandemic low of negative 100 bps to a post-GFC (Global Financial Crisis of 2007-08) high of 150 bps. Immediately before the pandemic, and even during the rate-hike and QT episodes of the mid-2010s, this real rate stood at barely 50 bps. The overall rise in real rates has also lifted mortgage rates.
Punch #2: A wider agency MBS basis, driven by higher volatility and a reversal in technicals
The agency MBS basis can be considered the market price of the unique option presented to US borrowers to refinance their mortgages or lock in attractive fixed rates (as is the case currently). The higher the volatility and the wider the outlook for the range of interest rates, the higher the price of this option. Compared to the mid-2010s’ rate hikes and QT, agency MBS spreads are 60 to 80 bps wider today.
For about 12 months after the onset of monetary tightening in March 2022, the 30-day rolling correlation of the agency MBS basis to interest-rate volatility (MOVE Index) remained high, ranging from 60 to 80 percent (that the two series were highly correlated until March 2023 can be seen in Figure 2).
However, the “technicals” of the MBS market today have shifted dramatically, with the Fed and domestic banks as the largest holders of this asset class. A key US bank dynamic has emerged since March 2023, given the collapses of three regional banks: Silicon Valley Bank (SVB), First Republic Bank and Signature Bank. In their wake, the agency MBS basis’s correlation to rate volatility has dipped, as seen by the rising agency MBS basis and declining MOVE Index. In contrast, the correlation of basis to the inverse of the stock valuation of regional banks has risen (again, see the individual series in Figure 2), reaching a peak of 35 percent in May 2023, marking the low in the regional bank index and simultaneously a high in the basis.
Punch #3: Wider mortgage-lender margins, driven by low volumes and high volatility
Turning to mortgage-lender margins, mortgage lending is a volume business in terms of the profits it generates for lenders and largely depends on refinancing transactions. Today’s high mortgage rates place a significant disincentive in the economics of the majority of US borrowers who have “locked in” at post-pandemic ultra-low rates, shriveling down lender volumes to mostly purchase transactions. The resulting low volume of home sales is thus translating into high competition among mortgage lenders.
High competition suggests banks should be willing to tighten margins. However, lender margins are modestly higher today than in the mid-2010s’ rate-hike and QT episodes, ranging back then between 90 and 100 bps compared to the present 110 and 120 bps. A key factor driving this margin wider is (again!) higher rate volatility, which increases the pipeline hedging costs of mortgage lenders during the period they commit to making a loan to closing and eventually pooling the loan into an MBS through securitization. This balance-sheet effect seems to have swamped the competitive effect.
Amplifying it all: banks’ and the Fed’s balance sheets moving in tandem
An additional factor has, however, made the confluence of these three effects even more potent.
The GFC, notably the distress in the housing and mortgage sectors, depleted both the capital and liquidity of banks, the largest mortgage lenders then. The nature of the post-GFC regulations and rules, notably the Dodd-Frank Act (Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act), has made it costlier for banks to step into mortgages and MBS. In fact, a number of banks stepped away altogether from mortgage lending and servicing. The Fed filled this gap with some of its post-GFC quantitative-easing (QE) programs to support the mortgage and housing sectors. This backdrop led to relatively low levels of stable growth in the bank ownership of mortgages and MBS leading into the mid-2010s (see Figure 3).
However, as the Fed then halted QE and eventually embarked on QT, other rules, especially the favorable treatment of agency MBS as “high-quality liquid assets” in calculating the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR), led to a rise in the banks’ demands for MBS. This helped stabilize the MBS sector. And although banks made some (unrecognized) losses on their securities holdings by the end of the tightening cycle, cumulatively, the losses remained in aggregate below $75 billion.
Progression from this period into the pandemic saw the balance-sheet holdings of banks and the Fed paralleling (again, see Figure 3). The substantial stimulus led to an abundance of deposits (insured and uninsured) and low-yielding reserves at banks—but due to low demand in 2020, also a relative absence of sufficiently higher-yielding corporate loans in which to invest. The ultra-low rates and flat yield curve thus led to a search for yields, driving banks to buy Treasuries and agency MBS instead.
The post-pandemic monetary tightening of 2022 thus started with a far greater concentration of liquid-asset holdings in the hands of two large, correlated sets of balance sheets—namely, the Fed’s and the banks’. At present, new MBS issuances essentially have demand from neither, implying that the agency MBS basis is driven almost entirely by the risk appetites of non-bank institutional investors. As these investors are far more prone to rollover risks from heightened volatility, they demand greater risk premiums than banks typically would. This has significantly amplified the triple punch delivered to mortgage rates by monetary tightening.
An important lesson is that the unprecedented scale of fiscal and monetary stimulus during the pandemic worked through the commercial-banking system, creating the path dependency in how monetary tightening is now playing out, especially for mortgage markets.
Paradoxically, as mortgage rates rise, the willingness of labor in the US to adjust to sectoral demands lessens as the lock-in effects of ultra-low mortgage rates keep households from moving. This, in turn, keeps labor markets tight, wages high and inflation stubborn.
The Fed is thus caught between a rock and a hard place, with the demand- and supply-side effects of its tightening working in opposite directions. Which way will the pendulum swing? It is hard to know, but this may precisely be why interest-rate volatility has remained high.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Satish Mansukhani is the Managing Director, Investment Strategy, at Rithm Capital, a financial-services firm headquartered in New York City. In his prior roles as a sell-side strategist at Bank of America, Credit Suisse and Bear Stearns, Satish was perennially ranked for his work by Institutional Investor magazine.
Musical preferences are subjective and vary from person to person, but there are a few specific genres such as country, rap, and metal which are pretty commonly disliked. These genres are criticized for being overly simplistic, repetitive, or aggressive; and though nobody likes every genre of musuci, here are some of the least-liked musical styles our friends on Reddit love to hate.
1. Country Rap
Country rap is a music genre that blends elements of country and hip-hop/rap music. But despite the innovation, many people find the combination of traditional country with modern hip-hop and rap vocals a little too jarring.
Manufactured, not Organic
One Redditor expressed displeasure by saying, “…Country Rap, hell no. Sounds like Frat Boy manufactured [stuff] that you can tell an exec was behind. Faker than every reality TV show. That would be like J Cole picking up a guitar or Kendrick moving down to Alabama. And honestly, County fans deserve better.”
2. Cloud Rap
Cloud rap is characteristically dreamlike, and relies heavily on ambient synthesizers, reverb, and delay effects. The lyrics focus on introspective themes, which can seem self-indulgent or lacking substance. The genre’s experimental nature and lack of emphasis on beats and bass lines may also not appeal to all listeners. Ultimately, it’s just a very unique and specific genre.
3. Black Metal
Black metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music known for its aggressive and fast-paced sound, distorted guitars, and shrieking vocals. It’s often unsettling with its themes of Satanism and nihilism. Black metal has faced criticism for association with things like church burnings. Despite this, black metal still has a dedicated following of fans who appreciate its raw and intense sound, provocative lyrics, and unapologetic attitude. Its influence on other subgenres of metal remains evident, however.
Slytherin in Real Life
One Redditor said, “Black metal. I like death metal, and regular old metal, but the bit of black metal I’ve heard just sounds like a bunch of dudes trying to roleplay as Slytherin or something.”
4. Mumble Rap
Mumble rap is a subgenre of hip hop that emerged in the mid-2010s, known for its heavy use of autotune and repetition, resulting in indistinct lyrics. Its lyrics often focus on materialism, drug use, and hedonism. While some appreciate its catchy beats and melody, others criticize it for lacking substance and creativity. Critics argue that mumble rap lacks the depth and artistic complexity that hip hop is known for, with repetitive lyrics and generic sounds.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in Southern US African American communities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It’s distinguished by improvisation and syncopated rhythms. Jazz has evolved with the influence of cultural and social movements, and its history is rich with diverse styles and artists. Some find its slower pace and unconventional instrumentation challenging, but jazz has been incorporated into other genres with great success. While it’s important to recognize the cultural significance of jazz music, it’s just not for everybody.
Jazz feels like Panic
One Redditor said, “Jazz. Like the regular jazz. Lounge jazz, I don’t mind, but the regular stuff is just unorganised mess to me, and I’d describe it as an audible panic attack.”
Reggae originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. It is characterized by a strong rhythm from bass, drums, and guitar, along with the prominent use of an off-beat rhythm. Reggae lyrics often include social and political issues and messages of love and spirituality. Many genres, including Jamaican mento and ska and American R&B and soul have influenced reggae.
Angry by Association
Reggae music suffered a lull due to a lack of promotion, lack of support, and a lot of US and UK artists keep trying to imitate the genre.
One Redditor said, “Reggae. Worked at a sandwich deli for a summer, and that is all they would listen to. Now I am conditioned to get angry whenever I hear that accent.”
7. Nursery Rhymes
While nursery rhymes have been a staple of early childhood education and entertainment for centuries, they are not universally beloved. Some people find the repetitive nature of nursery rhymes tedious or the simple melodies and lyrics unappealing. Despite their historical and cultural significance, nursery rhymes are not immune to criticism or dislike. It is important to remember that nursery rhymes have brought joy and education to countless children and continue to be a valuable resource for early childhood development.
Acapella music is a style of vocal music that relies solely on human voices to create melodies, harmonies, and rhythm. It has a long history dating back to ancient religious chanting and folk music traditions and has gained popularity in recent years with the rise of acapella groups and competitions. Despite its unique sound and style, some people may not appreciate acapella music. Nonetheless, acapella music remains a valuable and innovative form of vocal music that continues to captivate audiences around the world.
The dislike of music genres is subjective and varies from person to person. Despite criticism and personal preference, all genres have their unique cultural significance and lasting impact.
10 Crazy Good Movies Where Women Are the Bad Guys
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11 Vampire Movies That Will Leave You Yearning for More
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25 Extraordinary Sequels and Remakes That Outshine the Originals
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About the Author
Dr. Alice Mills was thinking of selling her veterinary practice in Lexington, Ky., this year, but she decided to put the move off because she worried that it would be difficult to sell in an era of rising interest rates.
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