What to Know Before Accepting Unsubsidized Student Loans

When financial aid like scholarships and grants comes up short, federal student loans can help bridge the gap.

Unsubsidized Direct Loans may be offered to undergraduate and graduate students in a financial aid package.

Subsidized Direct Loans may be offered to undergrads only, and have benefits in terms of who pays the interest during certain periods.

When a college sends an aid offer, the student must indicate which financial aid to accept.

What Is an Unsubsidized Student Loan?

The Department of Education provides Federal Direct Unsubsidized Student Loans as one of four options under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program. (Direct Subsidized Loans, Direct PLUS Loans, and Direct Consolidation Loans are the other types.)

The unsubsidized loans provide undergraduate and graduate-level students with a fixed-rate financing option to help fund their college education.

Unlike Direct Subsidized Loans, unsubsidized student loans are not based on financial need. This means that any student may receive unsubsidized loan funding, as long as it meets the Department of Education’s general eligibility requirements.

How Do Unsubsidized Student Loans Work?

If you’re eligible for Direct Unsubsidized Student Loans, the amount you’re offered for the academic year is determined by your school, based on its cost of attendance minus other financial aid you’ve received (such as scholarships, grants, work-study, and subsidized loans).

You will need to complete entrance counseling to ensure you understand the terms and your obligation to repay the loan. Then you’ll sign a master promissory note stating that you agree to the loan terms.

The government will send the loan funds directly to your school. Your institution will then apply the money toward any unpaid charges on your school account, including tuition, fees, room, and board.

Any remaining money will then be sent to you. For example, if you were approved for $3,800 in unsubsidized loans but only $3,000 was applied to your education costs, the school will send the remaining $800 to you.

The Education Department’s Federal Student Aid office recommends accepting grants and scholarships first, then work-study, then loans. And it advises accepting a subsidized loan before an unsubsidized loan, and an unsubsidized loan before a PLUS loan.

A Matter of Interest

As soon as any student loan is disbursed, it starts accruing interest. For federal student loans and most private student loans, you can defer payments until after your grace period, which is the first six months of leaving school or dropping below half-time status.

Here’s the kicker: With a subsidized student loan, the government pays the interest while you’re in school and during your grace period and any hardship deferment.

With an unsubsidized federal student loan or private student loan, unpaid interest that accrues will be added into your loan’s principal balance when you start repayment.

Pros and Cons of Unsubsidized Student Loans

Although unsubsidized student loans offer many benefits, there are also some downsides to know.

Unsubsidized Loan Pros Unsubsidized Loan Cons
Eligibility is not based on financial need Interest accrues upon disbursement
Available to undergraduate and graduate students You’re responsible for all interest charges
Can help cover educational expenses up to an annual limit Graduate students pay a higher rate
No credit check or cosigner required Interest capitalizes if payments are deferred
Can choose to defer repayment
Multiple payment plans are available

Applying for Unsubsidized Student Loans

Applying for federal financial aid starts with the FAFSA® — the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Students seeking aid complete the FAFSA each year.

Where to Apply

Applying for the FAFSA can be done at studentaid.gov, or you can print out a paper FAFSA and mail it.

Based on the information you included in your FAFSA, each school that you listed will determine your financial aid offer, including whether you’re eligible for an unsubsidized loan.

Typical Application Requirements

You must have an enrollment status of at least half-time to be eligible for a Direct Loan. You must also be enrolled in a degree- or certificate-granting program at a school that participates in the Direct Loan Program.

The Department of Education has general requirements to be eligible for federal aid. Applicants must:

•   Be a U.S. citizen or eligible noncitizen

•   Have a Social Security number

•   Prove that they qualify for a college education

•   Maintain satisfactory academic progress

•   Sign a certification statement

In the certification statement, you’ll need to confirm that you aren’t currently in default on a federal student loan and don’t owe money on a federal grant, and affirm that you’ll only use aid funds toward educational costs.

How Long Will You Have to Wait?

After submitting your FAFSA, it can take the Department of Education three to five days to process your application. If you submitted your FAFSA by mail, processing can take up to 10 days.

Once you’ve told your school which financial aid you want to accept, loan disbursement timelines vary. Generally, first-time borrowers have up to a 30-day waiting period before they receive their funds. Other borrowers may receive funding up to 10 days before the start of the semester.

How Much Can You Borrow?

There are annual limits to how much in combined subsidized and unsubsidized loans you can borrow. These limits are defined based on the year you are in school and whether you’re a dependent or independent student.

Here’s an overview of combined subsidized and unsubsidized loan limits per year for undergraduate students:

Undergraduate Year Dependent Independent
First-year student $5,500 $9,500
Second-year student $6,500 $10,500
Third year and beyond $7,500 $12,500

Graduate students are automatically considered independent and have an annual limit of $20,500 for unsubsidized loans (they cannot receive subsidized loans).

There are also student loan maximum lifetime amounts.

Subsidized vs Unsubsidized Student Loans

Another type of loan available through the Direct Loan Program is a subsidized loan. Here’s a quick comparison of subsidized vs. unsubsidized loans.

Subsidized Loans Unsubsidized Loans
For undergraduate students For undergraduate and graduate students
Borrowers aren’t responsible for interest that accrues during in-school deferment and grace period Borrowers are responsible for interest that accrues at all times
Borrowers must demonstrate financial need Financial need isn’t a requirement
Annual loan limits are typically lower Annual loan limits are generally higher

Alternatives to Unsubsidized Student Loans

Unsubsidized student loans are just one type of financial support students can consider for their education. Here are some alternatives.

Subsidized Loans

Direct Subsidized Loans are fixed-rate loans available to undergraduate students. As discussed, borrowers are only responsible for the interest charges that accrue while the loan is actively in repayment.

Scholarships and Grants

In addition to accessing potential scholarships, grants, and loans through the FAFSA, students can seek financial aid from other entities.

Scholarships and grants for college may be found through your state or city. Businesses, nonprofits, community groups, and professional associations often sponsor scholarships or grants, too. The opportunities may be based on need or merit.

Private Student Loans

Private lenders like banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions offer private student loans. Some schools and states also have their own student loan programs.

Private student loan lenders require borrowers, or cosigners, to meet certain credit thresholds, and some offer fixed or variable interest rates. Many lenders offer pre-qualification without a hard credit inquiry.

Private student loans can be a convenient financing option for students who are either ineligible for federal aid or have maxed out their federal student loan options. One need-to-know: Private student loans are not eligible for federal programs like Public Service Loan Forgiveness and income-driven repayment.

SoFi Private Student Loan Rates

If your federal financial aid package doesn’t quite cover all the bases, or if you’re not eligible for federal aid, a private student loan from SoFi could be just the ticket.

You can borrow up to your school’s certified cost of attendance, at a low fixed or variable rate, and pay no loan fees.

Find your rate for a SoFi Private Student Loan in three minutes.


What are unsubsidized loan eligibility requirements?

To be eligible for a Direct Unsubsidized Loan, undergraduate and graduate students must be enrolled at least half-time at a qualifying school. They must also meet the basic eligibility requirements for federal aid, including being a U.S. citizen or eligible noncitizen, have a Social Security number, and complete the FAFSA.

How long does it take to receive a Direct Unsubsidized Loan?

Loan disbursement for first-time borrowers can take up to 30 days after the first day of enrollment. For others, disbursement takes place within 10 days before classes start.

What is the maximum amount of unsubsidized loans you can borrow?

Dependent students can borrow a maximum of $5,500 and $6,500 per year during their first and second academic years, respectively. Students in their third year of school and beyond can borrow an annual maximum of $7,500. The aggregate loan limit for dependent students is $31,000 in combined subsidized and unsubsidized loans.

Graduate or professional students may receive up to $20,500 per year in unsubsidized loans. Their aggregate loan limit is $138,500 (which includes all federal student loans received for undergraduate study).

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC), and by SoFi Lending Corp. NMLS #1121636 , a lender licensed by the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation under the California Financing Law (License # 6054612) and by other states. For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see SoFi.com/legal.

SoFi Private Student Loans
Please borrow responsibly. SoFi Private Student Loans are not a substitute for federal loans, grants, and work-study programs. You should exhaust all your federal student aid options before you consider any private loans, including ours. Read our FAQs.
SoFi Private Student Loans are subject to program terms and restrictions, and applicants must meet SoFi’s eligibility and underwriting requirements. See SoFi.com/eligibility for more information. To view payment examples, click here. SoFi reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. This information is subject to change.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.
Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands or products mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

Photo credit: iStock/LPETTET

Source: sofi.com

Can You Get Student Loans for Community College?

Community colleges offering two-year programs can be a wonderful option for students looking to gain a higher education in less time. It can also be a great option for those looking to save a little cash while bettering their current skills, prepping for a four-year university, or going for an associate’s degree.

Moreover, it can often save students thousands of dollars in the long run toward the career of their dreams too. Though community college can cost far less than a four-year school, it still isn’t free. Here are a few helpful ways to gain a little financial assistance for your personal education journey.

The Government Looks at Community College the Same Way It Does a Four-Year School

Federal student loans are available for both two- and four-year colleges. The process of applying for federal aid is the same, regardless of the school, as long as the Department of Education sees it as an “eligible degree or certificate program.” Vocational, career, trade, or online schools often offer federal loan options, but it’s not a guarantee. If you’re not sure whether your school participates in federal loan programs, you can confirm with your school before moving forward.

To apply for federal aid, including student loans, a potential student must fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®). On the FAFSA, all would-be students will list the schools they are interested in attending using the Federal School Code. The schools listed will use the FAFSA application answers to determine the types and amounts of aid a student can receive.

After submitting the FAFSA, the applicant will receive an award letter from each school listed on the FAFSA application. This will tell you what aid you qualified for. If you plan on applying for federal aid to attend community college, consider applying as early as possible.

Some federal aid is determined on a first-come, first-served basis, so the earlier you submit your FAFSA, the better position you may be in to receive aid.

Those hoping to obtain a federal loan for community college can apply for one of three: Direct Subsidized, Direct Unsubsidized, and Direct Plus. Here’s how to determine which one of those may be the best fit for your education goals.

Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans for Community College

When it comes to borrowing federal student loans, the government offers both subsidized and unsubsidized loans to assist students in covering the cost of higher education. For both subsidized and unsubsidized loans, the school a potential student hopes to attend will determine how much a student is eligible to borrow.

Direct Subsidized Loans are based on financial need and they come with a major benefit — the U.S. Department of Education pays the interest while the student is still enrolled in school at least half-time and for the loan grace period (usually the first six months after leaving school).

Direct Unsubsidized Loans are similar to subsidized loans except that they are not based on financial need, they are based on your cost of attendance and other financial aid you receive. As such, the borrower would be responsible for all accrued interest on the loan. While not required to make payments as a student, there is an option to make interest-only payments on the unsubsidized loan.

When the interest on a Direct Unsubsidized Loan is not paid during periods of deferment, such as the grace period, the accrued interest will be capitalized. That means, when graduation day comes and the grace period ends, the interest that has accumulated on the loan will be added to the principal value of the loan and you’ll be responsible for paying off both. Interest will also continue to accrue based on that new principal.

There is an annual limit to how much money undergraduate students can borrow in Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans. For example, the limit for your first undergraduate year is $5,500 for dependent students (and $9,500 for independent students).

Direct PLUS Loans for Community College

There is another option from the government, known as the Direct PLUS Loan . This loan is available to parents of dependent students. Unlike both Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans, when a person borrows via a Direct PLUS Loan, he or she will be subject to a credit check. If the person has an adverse credit history, they may not be approved to borrow the loan.

If you are a parent of a dependent undergraduate student, you can receive a Direct PLUS Loan for the remainder of your child’s college costs not covered by other financial aid.

It’s important to note when a person borrows a Direct PLUS Loan, there are fees in addition to interest. With this loan, parents can borrow up to the cost of attendance (determined by the school) minus any other financial aid received. In order to obtain this loan, parents must qualify and their credit history will be checked. Interest will also accrue.

Private Student Loans

If a student does not receive enough aid through federal student loans or maxes out his or her eligibility for federal student loans, they can seek additional funding through private student loans. Private student loans can be borrowed from banks, credit unions, or other lenders.

Each institution has its own eligibility requirements so each borrower will have to check with individual lenders to see about qualifications. Like federal loans, there is usually a limit to the amount you can borrow with private loans, which can vary by lender. The limit might be the cost of tuition, less the amount of aid the student is already receiving, for example. However, the limit on some private loans may be higher than the federal loan limit.

Furthermore, government student loans come with deadlines to apply , while students may apply for private student loans at any time. But one major downfall of private student loans is the fact that they may also come with higher eligibility requirements, like a specific credit score, to even be considered. Additionally, private lenders aren’t required to offer the same borrower protections as federal student loans, such as a grace period or income-driven repayment plans. Because of this, private student loans are generally considered only after all other financing options have been thoroughly reviewed.

Other Options For Community College Student Loans

Federal and private student loans aren’t the only options. And this is where, as a student, you can really do some homework.

Several states also offer their own student loan programs to help students. To qualify for many of these loans, a student must be a resident of the state program you’re applying for, or an out-of-state student enrolled in a college or university within that particular state. Check out each state’s student loan offerings here .

Saving Post-Graduation

Even if you went to community college, you may still graduate with student loan debt. But, there’s a way you can save after graduation as well. Upon completion of your degree (or, if you’ve already finished school), you may want to consider looking into student loan refinancing with SoFi.

This way, you may be able to get a better interest rate than what you originally qualified for or change the terms of your loan to fit your post-grad life. And you can focus on earning and saving for your future thanks to your hard-earned education.

When you refinance with SoFi there are no prepayment penalties or origination fees. Plus you’ll gain access to benefits like community events, career coaching, and unemployment protection. To see what your student loans could look like after you refinance with SoFi, take a look at our easy to use student loan refinance calculator.

Private Student Loans With SoFi

Community college students have a variety of options available to them when paying for their education. In addition to some scholarships or grants, students may use student loans, either federal or private, to help pay for college.

Private student loans can be an option for students who are looking to fill in financing gaps. SoFi offers no fee student loans with competitive interest rates available for qualifying borrowers. SoFi student loans also allow borrowers to select one of four flexible repayment plans.

Find out more about the student loan options available from SoFi. You can get a quote from SoFi in just a few minutes.


Will student loans pay for all of college?

Student loans can be used to pay for college expenses. There are borrowing limits depending on the loan type. For example, first-year dependent students may be eligible to borrow up to $5,500 in Direct Loans. Of this, no more than $3,500 can be subsidized loans. Students may look to alternatives like private student loans to fill in gaps. The borrowing limit for federal student loans is determined by the individual lender.

How much are student loans for an associate’s degree?

Student loans for community college are available, including for associate’s degrees. In order to borrow a federal student loan, potential borrowers must be enrolled in an eligible degree granting program, as defined by the U.S. Department of Education. These programs may include associate degree programs.

What do you do if you can’t afford college?

If you can’t afford college, consider evaluating the costs and programs available at different colleges. Consider factors like location and room and board, in addition to tuition. Also fill out the FAFSA form, which allows students to apply for federal financial aid including grants and scholarships (which don’t typically need to be repaid) and federal student loans (which do need to be repaid). Consider contacting the financial aid office at your school for more personalized information.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC), and by SoFi Lending Corp. NMLS #1121636 , a lender licensed by the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation under the California Financing Law (License # 6054612) and by other states. For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see SoFi.com/legal.

SoFi Private Student Loans
Please borrow responsibly. SoFi Private Student Loans are not a substitute for federal loans, grants, and work-study programs. You should exhaust all your federal student aid options before you consider any private loans, including ours. Read our FAQs.
SoFi Private Student Loans are subject to program terms and restrictions, and applicants must meet SoFi’s eligibility and underwriting requirements. See SoFi.com/eligibility for more information. To view payment examples, click here. SoFi reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. This information is subject to change.

SoFi Student Loan Refinance
Notice: SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers such as Income-Driven Repayment plans, including Income-Contingent Repayment or PAYE. SoFi always recommends that you consult a qualified financial advisor to discuss what is best for your unique situation.

External Websites: The information and analysis provided through hyperlinks to third-party websites, while believed to be accurate, cannot be guaranteed by SoFi. Links are provided for informational purposes and should not be viewed as an endorsement.
Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands or products mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.
Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

Source: sofi.com

It’s been a long road for…

People wait outside Everest College in Industry, Calif.
Robert Bruce is a senior writer for The Penny Hoarder.

Corinthian Colleges had more than 110,000 students enrolled across 105 campuses in 2010 at its height. After the 2015 findings, the school sold or closed all its campuses, which included schools under the names of Heald, Everest and WyoTech.
The Department’s findings allowed borrowers to apply for “borrower defense”, a provision that, if approved, allows a defraudent student to receive loan cancellation. Around 100,000 borrowers have had their loans canceled because of the provision, according to the DOE. Thousands of other borrowers may also be eligible for automatic student loan forgiveness.
This most recent move enables borrowers who have yet to apply for borrower defense to have their loans canceled.

What do former, defrauded Corinthian students need to do to get their loans forgiven?
Source: thepennyhoarder.com
The DOE followed up on Harris’ case with its own findings in 2015, determining that Corinthian made “pervasive misrepresentations related to a borrower’s employment prospects, including guarantees they would find a job.” Corinthian also effectively lied about students’ ability to transfer credits and its own public job placement rates.
This move is the latest by the Biden administration to address student loan forgiveness. In the last year, the administration has revamped the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program and erased .8 billion in loans for borrowers with disabilities.

Next Steps for Corinthian Students

The plan to discharge nearly billion in student loans originated in 2013, when California’s then-attorney general, Kamala Harris, sued Corinthian for deceptive advertising and recruiting practices.
Students took on debt based on those false promises — and saw it all forgiven this week when the DOE announced the discharge of .8 billion in student loans for 560,000 borrowers affected by Corinthian’s deceptive practices. This is the largest single loan discharge in U.S. history, according to the DOE.
It’s been a long road for former students of Corinthian Colleges, a chain of for-profit schools that closed in 2015 after the U.S. Department of Education found Corinthian had misrepresented borrowers’ future job prospects.
Students wait outside Everest College in Industry, Calif., hoping to get their transcripts and information on loan forgiveness and transferring credits to other schools on April 28, 2015. Their wait recently ended when the U.S. Department of Education discharged .8 billion in student loans for 560,000 borrowers affected by deceptive practices at Everest and other Corinthian Colleges. Christine Armario/AP Images

Absolutely nothing, according to a statement released by the DOE: “The department will soon begin notifying students who attended Corinthian of this decision, with the actual discharges following in the months after. Borrowers will not have to take any actions to receive their discharges.”

What Is Market Overhang?

Market overhang is a market phenomenon whereby investors hold off trading a stock that’s seen a drop in price, because the expectation is the price will drop even further.

A market or stock overhang can be precipitated by the awareness that a large block of shares — say, from an institutional investor — is about to hit the market, potentially driving a stock’s price down. But it can result from other factors as well. Although the event has not happened, investors may hesitate to sell or buy shares in anticipation of price drop — and this can further depress the stock price.

While there is also a business use of the term “overhang,” we’ll primarily focus on how market overhang works in finance and what it means for investors.

Market Overhang Definition

In its broadest use, an overhang describes a somewhat artificial market condition brought on by an anticipated shift in supply and demand (a.k.a. the price of a stock). Market overhang has a couple of uses in the business and finance worlds, and in an IPO market as well.

What Is an Overhang in Business?

An overhang in a business context can refer to the practice whereby a company, typically an industry leader, delays the release of a new product in order to stoke greater consumer demand for that product.

A familiar example might be the release of a new technology product or video game. The anticipation of the new release may cause consumers to avoid buying other products as they wait for the arrival of the new one. The overhang may result in lower purchases for existing products — and higher purchases of the newly released product. While this practice can be considered manipulative, it’s not uncommon.

What Is an Overhang in Finance?

More commonly: An overhang in finance is used to describe a dynamic that’s specific to how investors’ expectation about supply and demand can impact a company’s share price.

A market overhang is when a stock’s price declines because investors expect a further price drop on the horizon. Thus, some shareholders may hesitate to sell their shares, because that could further drive down the share price. Other investors may also hesitate to buy shares because of the anticipated price drop.

The business use of the term and the finance use describe different situations, but the common element is how investors’ anticipation of a future event can impact a company’s revenues or share price.

Needless to say, a market overhang can cast a shadow over a company’s performance, influencing share price, liquidity, and more, especially if the situation is prolonged. In many cases, though, market overhang is relatively short-lived and temporary. The difficulty for investors is knowing when the overhang, like bad weather, is finally going to pass. To that end, it helps to know some conditions that can cause a market overhang.

How Market Overhang Is Created

There are a few conditions that can lead to a market overhang. Often these conditions can overlap.

A Stock Decline

The first is where a stock is already declining, perhaps owing to a change in key economic indicators or market conditions, and there is a buildup of selling pressure as investors hesitate to let go of their shares in a down market. This type of market overhang may be resolved once there are signs of price stability (even if it’s at a lower level).

The Role of Institutional Investors

Another type of stock overhang can be created by institutional investors — or companies that manage investments on behalf of clients or members of a firm. Institutional investors tend to have a larger stake in a particular stock compared with individual investors. This means that when the institutional investor plans to sell a large portion of their shares, a market overhang could kick in when investors become aware of this possible sale.

The anticipation of a large block of shares entering the market could drive prices down, and thus investors might hold off trading this particular stock — impacting its price, even before the institutional investor has made a move.

The stock overhang might be worse if it occurs during a price decline. In that case, investors may see the decline in share price, become aware that a large investor may sell a block of shares (which could further depress the price), become even more wary of buying or selling the company’s shares.

IPOs and Market Overhang

A third way that market overhang may occur is after an initial public offering (IPO). An IPO market can be a hot market, after all, and a company may get significant press coverage as its IPO approaches, which can drive up the stock price.

But if the IPO isn’t a big hit, and the share price isn’t what investors hoped (in IPO terms), there might be a bit of an overhang as investors wait for the lock-up period to end. The lock-up period is when company insiders can sell their shares, potentially flooding the market and further lowering the price.

Understanding the Effects of Market Overhang

Market overhang can last for a few weeks or even months — sometimes longer. The chief impact of a market overhang is that it can artificially depress the price of a stock, and if the market overhang is prolonged, that can have a negative impact on company performance.

As noted above, a market overhang typically ends when a stock price stabilizes. Unfortunately that often occurs at a lower price point than before the shares began to decline.

Example of Market Overhang

While some consider the market overhang phenomenon more anecdotal than technical, it’s something to watch out for. It could present an opportunity. And it doesn’t require a complicated, technical stock analysis to understand.

For example, let’s say a large tech company is trading at $300 a share. But there are reports that the company has been facing some headwinds, and it may undergo a rebranding and repositioning. In the face of this change and uncertainty, it’s natural that it might impact company performance and the share price might wobble a bit. But then, if enough investors are concerned about the company’s “new direction,” there could be a bigger shift in trading behavior that might further depress the share price in advance of the company pivot — creating an overhang.

While this isn’t ideal for current shareholders, a market overhang like this could be a “buy” opportunity for other investors. It depends on a number of factors, and it’s always important to understand market trends as well as company fundamentals. But it’s possible that some investors may view the company as a good prospect, despite a currently undervalued share price, and buy shares with the hope they might rise to their previous levels.

Why Market Overhang Matters

Market overhang is a valuable phenomenon for investors to be aware of, largely because it reflects many of the basic tenets of behavioral finance, which is the study of how emotions can impact financial choices. A market overhang could be viewed as the result of loss aversion and herd mentality — two well-documented behavioral patterns among investors.

Loss aversion is, as it sounds, the wish to avoid incurring losses. Herd mentality is, not surprisingly, the tendency for investors to behave as a group: buying or selling in waves. You can see how these two very human impulses — to protect oneself from losses, and to follow the herd — might create a market overhang.

The good news, though, is that investors are capricious and markets can be volatile, which means the market overhang will usually pass, and the stock will regain its normal momentum, whatever that may be. As an investor witnessing the changing weather, so to say, it’s up to you whether a stock overhang might present a buy opportunity or a sell opportunity — if you need to harvest some losses, for tax purposes.

What Market Overhang Means for Shareholders

Market overhang affects different shareholders differently. Since institutional investors tend to be the ones who create market overhang, they also tend to have the upper hand on what it means for their investments.

Regular investors might worry that some of their shares are losing value. But with the ebbs and flows of the stock market, a price can rise and fall at various times throughout the year — even throughout a given day. Fluctuation is normal and this is part of the risk in investing in the stock market. Consider waiting out the storm to make an informed decision. There’s a chance the stock could rise to new highs and your investment will be worth even more.

The Takeaway

What is a market overhang? While this type of trend is considered more behavioral in nature, it’s worthwhile for investors to keep it in mind when a stock isn’t performing as expected. In some cases, when investors anticipate an event that could drive down a stock’s price, they may hold off on trading that stock, further depressing the price and creating a market overhang.

In that sense, a market overhang can become a self-fulfilling prophecy. Institutional investors can create a market overhang, for example, when they contemplate selling a large portion of their holdings. This might spook other investors, who likewise decide not to trade their shares, creating a sort of temporary downward spiral in the share price. But because two common investor dynamics are at play here — the fear of losses, and the desire to comply with what other investors are doing — the emotions are usually temporary, and the market overhang passes. And just because a price decline might upset some investors, it could present a buying opportunity for others.

If you’re ready to start your own portfolio, consider opening an Active Invest self-directed brokerage account with SoFi Invest. You can set it up easily on your phone or laptop, and start trading stocks, ETFs, crypo, IPO shares, and more. SoFi members even have access to complimentary financial advice from professionals. Get started investing for your future today!

SoFi Invest®
The information provided is not meant to provide investment or financial advice. Investment decisions should be based on an individual’s specific financial needs, goals and risk profile. SoFi can’t guarantee future financial performance. Advisory services offered through SoFi Wealth, LLC. SoFi Securities, LLC, member FINRA / SIPC . SoFi Invest refers to the three investment and trading platforms operated by Social Finance, Inc. and its affiliates (described below). Individual customer accounts may be subject to the terms applicable to one or more of the platforms below.
1) Automated Investing—The Automated Investing platform is owned by SoFi Wealth LLC, an SEC Registered Investment Advisor (“Sofi Wealth“). Brokerage services are provided to SoFi Wealth LLC by SoFi Securities LLC, an affiliated SEC registered broker dealer and member FINRA/SIPC, (“Sofi Securities).

2) Active Investing—The Active Investing platform is owned by SoFi Securities LLC. Clearing and custody of all securities are provided by APEX Clearing Corporation.

3) Cryptocurrency is offered by SoFi Digital Assets, LLC, a FinCEN registered Money Service Business.

For additional disclosures related to the SoFi Invest platforms described above, including state licensure of Sofi Digital Assets, LLC, please visit www.sofi.com/legal.
Neither the Investment Advisor Representatives of SoFi Wealth, nor the Registered Representatives of SoFi Securities are compensated for the sale of any product or service sold through any SoFi Invest platform. Information related to lending products contained herein should not be construed as an offer or pre-qualification for any loan product offered by SoFi Lending Corp and/or its affiliates.
Tax Information: This article provides general background information only and is not intended to serve as legal or tax advice or as a substitute for legal counsel. You should consult your own attorney and/or tax advisor if you have a question requiring legal or tax advice.

Photo credit: iStock/kupicoo

Source: sofi.com

How to Immediately Get Rid of Those Gross Slugs in Your Bathroom

Pests in our homes are gross but seeing slimy creatures crawling along bathroom walls or slug trails is enough to cause concern. Slugs, which are often described as snails without a shell, are often found in gardens or farms. They’re attracted to food and moisture and love to eat vegetables and flowers. Since slugs and snails like damp conditions, some people might find themselves with a slug infestation in and around bathrooms, including the shower, shower floor or toilet.

If you ever wondered why slugs are in your bathroom and how to get rid of them, here’s a quick primer on what they are, what attracts bathroom slugs, where you might find them around your house and how to prevent slugs or get rid of them at the first sight of slime trails.

What’s a yellow cellar slug?

The yellow cellar slug, sometimes called a cellar slug or tawny garden slug, is yellow-brown or green-yellow in color. They’re part of the Gastropod family, which consists of slugs and snails. They’re pests and can do a fair amount of damage outdoors, especially in gardens. Slugs like to eat decaying plants, including plant leaves or materials.

Why are there slugs in the bathroom?

Slugs and snails are food-driven and like dark damp refuges. They don’t need larger gaps to find their way inside a house. Ideal entry points are as simple as a small hole in a wall or crawl space.

If you see evidence of a slug in your bathroom, whether it’s hiding by a tub drain or you see slime along a bath or shower, you’ll want to look for possible leaky boundaries or other possible entry points. Do you have pet food lingering that will attract slugs? Slugs have been found eating leftovers. Since slugs also eat mold (or, as the British like to say “eats mould”), like those dark spaces in your house where there’s warmth and chill out where algae are growing, you’ll want to look for evidence in those areas.

Look for a possible entry point in your house, look for a hole near a shower wall or near drain lines. If you see a snail or slug’s tell-tale sign of their slime line underneath a drain pipe or near a shower, which often looks like a thread runs along the bathroom floor, either during the night or in the morning, you may have to figure out how to create a bait to trap them.

Slugs eat plants

Are there slugs in other rooms in the house?

Most often, a snail or slug will find its way to a bathroom during the night since that has the conditions it loves best: dark and damp. Also, there are holes via drain lines. That’s not to say they can’t make it into other rooms in your house. As long as there are easy-to-access holes to get into a house and access to food, especially in the form of decaying plants or pet food, they don’t need to make their entry through a bathroom.

If they originally posted their flag in a bathroom, it’ll be that much easier for them to slide their way into other rooms in the house so it’s best to consider ways to get rid of slugs when you first notice them.

How to deter slugs from making their way into your home

The best way to not attract slugs into your house in the first place is to cut off any entry points and not have food available for them to eat. If you notice any holes along windows or flooring, seal them with silicone sealant. You may have slugs feasting on your plants outdoors or on a patio, so line the planters and your entryways with copper tape as a deterrent.

If slugs or snails do make it indoors, some have resorted to pellets and other attempts to get rid of them.

Can I kill slugs with slug pellets?

Slug pellets or slug bait are small cylindrical “bullets” that contain metaldehyde, a substance that’s poisonous to slugs. According to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services about the use of using slug pellets to eradicate slugs, “metaldehyde works by disrupting the mucus production ability of snails and slugs. This reduces their digestion and mobility and makes them susceptible to dehydration. Snails and slugs that have eaten metaldehyde often seek hiding places, become inactive and begin to die within days.”

It’s important to note these pellets contain poison and the United Kingdom banned their sale as of April 1, 2022, because they pose an unnecessary risk to birds, dogs and mammals. While they’re still permitted in the United States, it’s important to consider where they’re placed so an animal doesn’t mistake it for pet food or a child doesn’t accidentally consume it by crawling along the floor.

Slug trap

Ways to get rid of slugs in your apartment

Slugs, in general, don’t pose a health risk. But slugs and snails do serve as a host for some parasites during the larval stage. You really don’t want them in your home if you can help it.

If you don’t want to go the pellets route, some people opt for other methods to show these slimy nuisances they’re not welcome. They may also trap or kill them and dispose of their squishy bodies.

According to the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC), iron phosphate is a compound that combines phosphorous and oxygen with iron and can kill slugs and snails when eaten. Another product NPIC recommends that’s non-poisonous to humans is products that contain “food grade” diatomaceous earth. “Diatomaceous earth causes insects to dry out and die by absorbing the oils and fats from the cuticle of the insect’s exoskeleton,” according to NPIC. “Its sharp edges are abrasive, speeding up the process. It remains effective as long as it’s kept dry and undisturbed.”

As mentioned earlier, the copper tape can fend off slugs. Other easy, affordable and do-it-yourself approaches are placing eggshells around the perimeter of where slugs might enter. Or, placing beer in a bowl since they’re attracted to the yeasty odors found in beer. You can also add a bowl that holds standing water so they can slide their slimy bodies into the water trap and drown.

Slugs also avoid salt because salt crystals bind moisture. Salt draws water from slugs and dehydrates them. You can always try an experiment and sprinkle salt in half of an area and not the other area. Then you can see if you notice the telltale signs of slugs in the area you didn’t sprinkle.

Keeping slugs out of your apartment

Any pests are not welcome inside your apartment and slugs are no exception. We want our bathrooms as a place of calm and respite and our homes clean and dust-free and without unwelcome guests. Finding how slugs are getting in is one way to not put out the welcome mat. But if they do find their way indoors, it’s comforting to know there are several ways to stop them in their slimy tracks.

Source: apartmentguide.com